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How to Cite Films or Television Shows

Here is a more detailed description of how to cite television or movie sources for the “Exploration Bingo” assignments or other OWLS projects. Continue to refer to the “List of Resources” handout provided in class when citing books, magazines, internet sites, and interviews.

Films or Movies

Begin with the film or movie title (in italics or underlined), followed by the release year. Include the name of the director (“Directed by”) and the distributor or film studio name (“Distributed by”). End the entry with the appropriate medium of publication used to view the movie (“Viewed in the theater” or “Viewed on DVD” “…VHS,” “…Laser disc,” “…Netflix,” or name of television channel, etc.).


The Nightmare Before Christmas, 1994. Directed by Tim Burton. Distributed by Touchstone. Viewed on DVD.

Broadcast Television or Radio Program

Begin with the title of the episode in quotation marks. Provide the name of the series or program in italics. Also include the network name, call letters of the station followed by the city, and the date of broadcast. End with the publication medium (e.g. Television, Radio,). For television episodes on Videocassette or DVD refer to the “Recorded Television Episodes” section below.


“The Blessing Way,” The X-Files. Fox. WXIA, Atlanta. July 19, 1998. Television.

Recorded Television Episodes (e.g. DVD, Videocassette)

Begin with the episode name in quotation marks. Follow with the series name in italics. When the title of the collection of recordings is different than the original series (e.g., the show Friends is in DVD release under the title Friends: The Complete Sixth Season), list the title that would help researchers locate the recording. Give the distributor name followed by the date of distribution. End with the medium of publication (e.g. “Viewed on…” DVD, Videocassette, Laser disc, Netflix, Internet).


“The One Where Chandler Can’t Cry,” Friends: The Complete Sixth Season. Warner Brothers, 2004. Viewed on Netflix.